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As metalworkers, we're constantly trying to get the best results from our work, or when we need a metal part or component, we always want to get the most suitable one for our application. We might be researching and trying out different materials and processes for our projects, but it can be hard to know what kind of metal is the best for our project.

Luckily, there are many different types of metals, each with unique properties that make them great for specific uses.
We’ve put together a list of the Top 20 types of metal, along with some key characteristics that make each one unique. Check these out, or use them as inspiration for your next project!



Steel is a material, specifically alloy, that is composed of iron (99%) and carbon (1%). It is a versatile, durable metal used for many applications. It is often used in construction, as it is a tough metal that holds its shape well.
The most common uses for steel are in the automotive industry, where it is used to make car parts, and in construction, where it makes up the framework of building structures.
Steel also has many other beneficial properties: it is resistant to corrosion and rust so that it can be used for outdoor applications such as bridges or boats; it's strong enough to hold up heavy loads without breaking; its ductility allows it to bend rather than break when subjected to stress. 
2.Stainless Steel:
There are many different types of steel metals, but stainless steel is one of the most popular.
Stainless steel is an alloy of iron and chromium, and it is this chromium that gives it its resistance to corrosion and rust, while iron gives extraordinary strength and durability.
Besides iron and chromium, stainless steel also has a small presence of other elements, nitrogen, titanium, carbon, aluminum, silicon, selenium, molybdenum, and sulfur.
Stainless steel is used in a wide range of applications, from cookware to surgical instruments, and it is available in various grades depending on its intended use.
3.Carbon Steel:
Carbon steel, also known as plain-carbon steel and mild steel, is the most popular type of steel used in construction, manufacturing, industrial applications, and other applications, such as the manufacturing of cars, fridges, bridges, and high-strength wires.
It contains trace amounts of other elements such as titanium, chromium, tungsten, silicon, molybdenum, manganese, and nickel.
Carbon steel is categorized into four types: low-carbon (or mild) steel, medium-carbon steel, high-carbon steel, and ultra-high-carbon steel.
Low-carbon steels are the most common; they contain between 0.04% and 0.3% carbon content.

Medium-carbon steels have between 0.31% and 0.6% carbon content; they are stronger than low-carbon steels but not as tough or ductile.
High-carbon steels contain between 0.61% and 1.5% carbon; they are very strong but brittle and challenging to work with.
Ultra-high-carbon steels have more than 1.5% carbon; they are almost impossible to weld or work with but are exceptionally strong.
In short, the higher the percentage of carbon, the higher the durability and malleability, and the lower the melting point. Besides, it also increases the efficiency of heat distribution.
Alloy steels are a type of metal made from the combination carbon steel with one or more alloying elements, such as nickel, manganese, silicon, chromium, or molybdenum. The resulting material has improved mechanical properties compared to carbon steel, such as increased strength and hardness.
Alloy steels are extensively used in numerous applications, from automotive components to construction equipment.
There are many different types of alloy steel, each with its specific chemical composition and properties. The most common alloying elements include chromium, manganese, silicon, and molybdenum. Other less common alloying elements include vanadium, tungsten, and cobalt.
The specific composition of alloy steel will determine its properties and applications. For example, chromium increases hardness and wear resistance while reducing the risk of corrosion and rust. Manganese increases hardness and toughness while also helping to resist wear and corrosion. Silicon can increase strength without significantly affecting other properties. And molybdenum increases strength at high temperatures while increasing corrosion-resistance and wear-resistance.
Different types of alloy steel are better suited for various applications. For example, some alloys are better for making automotive parts, while others are better for construction equipment. Some alloys are better for high-temperature applications, while others excel in low-temperature environments.
Ultimately, the right choice of alloy steel depends on the application's specific requirements.
Iron is a metal that is found in many different forms.
The most common form of iron is called "cast iron." Cast iron is made by melting iron ore and then pouring it 
into molds. Cast iron also contains carbon content (over 2%) in a greater proportion than steel. This type of 
iron is very strong and is often used to make pipes, cookware, and other objects that need to be very strong.
Another type of iron is called "wrought iron." Wrought iron is made by heating iron ore until it becomes hot enough to work with. Once heated, wrought iron can be shaped into anything from furniture to fences. Wrought iron is not as strong as cast iron, but it is more flexible, which makes it ideal for specific projects.
"Pig iron" is another form of iron made from melted-down scrap metal. Pig iron can be used to make castings for things like engine blocks. However, pig iron is not as strong as either cast or wrought iron, so it isn't used as often in construction projects.
Aluminum is a silver-white metal used in many different ways due to its lustrous looks and special characteristics. Aluminum can be recycled and is considered one of the most sustainable metals. It is used in construction, transportation, electronics, and many other areas.
Aluminum has three primary characteristics: ductility, malleability, and work hardening. Aluminum has a high strength-to-weight ratio. Aluminum has good corrosion resistance because of its oxide layer on the surface.
Aluminum is widely used in construction because it can be formed into any shape and can be very lightweight. Aluminum is also used in transportation because it is lightweight and can be formed into any shape needed for different types of vehicles. Aluminum also has good electrical properties, which makes it useful for electronics such as computers and cell phones.
Copper is a reddish-brown metal that is soft and malleable. It is used in various applications, including electrical wiring, plumbing, roofing, and jewelry. Copper is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity and has high corrosion resistance.
Copper is a very useful metal that has several characteristics and applications. First of all, it is very resistant to corrosion. Copper is used in producing pipes, cables, and other equipment used in industry. It can also be used in building houses and buildings and in electrical wiring systems.
Copper has good oxidation resistance, so it is often used to connect copper wires with other metals, such as silver or brass. Copper's malleability allows it to be formed into different shapes, such as wire rods or sheets. It can also be formed into wire shapes by rolling it between rolls or stretching it over a mandrel.
Magnesium metal is a light, strong metal that is used in a wide range of applications. Magnesium is most commonly used for industrial purposes. The most common industrial application of magnesium is in the production of magnesium alloys, which are mixtures of different metals that have been combined to form a stronger material than each individual component could make on its own. In addition to being used in other industries, magnesium also has many technological uses.
Magnesium alloys are typically used in aerospace engineering because they can withstand extreme temperatures and are light in weight. This makes them useful for spacecraft, space launches, and vehicles like rockets or airplanes.

In addition to being used in aerospace engineering, there are many other industrial uses for magnesium alloys, like automotive manufacturing (for example, engines), medical equipment (for example, pacemakers), consumer electronics (for example, smartphones), etc.
Brass is a yellowish metal that is an alloy of copper and zinc. It is used for various purposes, including musical instruments, plumbing fixtures, and architectural details.
Brass is a durable metal with excellent oxidation, corrosion, and wear resistance. It has good electrical conductivity, so it can be used in many applications involving high current density.
Brass is also very malleable, which makes it easy to bend into shapes without cracking or breaking.
Brass is commonly used in industrial applications because it has a high melting point and can be easily machined into intricate shapes. The high melting point means that brass can be melted down to make castings for use in machinery and other parts that require a strong material.
Bronze is a precious metal, an alloy of copper and tin, with a high density and relatively low melting point. It is also resistant to corrosion and magnetism. Bronze is used to manufacture pins, screws, bearings, gears, valves, and other parts for mechanical applications.
Bronze has a higher density than steel or aluminum; this makes it ideal for construction equipment (i.e., cranes and bulldozers) where weight is crucial.
Bronze can be used in high-temperature applications because it has a low coefficient of expansion compared to other metals (such as steel).
Bronze can also be used in applications that require high-temperature resistance, such as water pipes or cooking utensils.
Titanium is a metal used to make aircraft, cars, and other vehicles. It's also used for high-grade steel production. Titanium is an excellent alternative to other metals like copper and aluminum because it can withstand high temperatures without melting or corroding. It's also very lightweight, so it can be used in products that need to be lightweight or compact.
Titanium alloys can be used in medical implants because of their biocompatibility and ability to be repaired after implantation. The same properties make it a good choice for aerospace applications, where it's needed to resist corrosion and heat and provide strength while remaining lightweight.
Zinc is a metal that is used in all kinds of industries. It's found in batteries and solders, and because it has several electrical properties, it's used to make semiconductors. It's also used in steel-reinforced structures like bridges and skyscrapers.
Because of its properties, zinc is beneficial for making batteries and other energy storage devices like capacitors and rechargeable batteries. Because these devices are often small, they need to be lightweight and have long lifespans—which is why they're made from zinc.
Zinc is also an alloying agent in steel production; it helps increase steel strength by adding other elements like iron or nickel. Zinc also helps prevent rust on iron products such as pipelines or ships by helping them resist corrosion from seawater or saltwater; this is why many bridges are made of zinc alloys.
Tungsten is a chemical element with the atomic number 74 and is represented by the chemical symbol W. It is a hard, rare metal that is grey in color.
Tungsten has the highest melting point of any element and is often used in high-temperature applications. It is also highly resistant to corrosion and has a low expansion rate.
Tungsten is used in many applications, including filaments for light bulbs, x-ray tubes, and electrodes for welding. It is also often used in alloys and as a barrier layer in semiconductor devices.
Tungsten is also used to make wear-resistant coatings for tools and dies.
Nickel is a relatively soft and malleable metal with a silvery-white lustrous appearance. It is a versatile element that finds use in a wide variety of applications in many different industries. One of the key qualities of 
nickel is its resistance to corrosion. This makes it ideal for use in corrosive environments, such as in chemical plants and maritime settings. Nickel is also used in the production of stainless steel and other alloys, as well as in coinage and battery production. In recent years, nickel has become an important component in the production of renewable energy, such as in the production of solar cells and fuel cells.
Cobalt is a metallic element with unique properties that make it useful for various applications. It is tough yet brittle, making it challenging to work with.
Cobalt is also very magnetic and has a high melting point (almost 3000°C), making it ideal for use in magnets and other devices that require high heat tolerance.
Additionally, cobalt is highly conductive and has a very low melting point when combined with other metals, making it ideal for electrical applications.
Tin is a soft, white metal that is very ductile and malleable. It has a low melting point and is used in many alloys, including bronze and pewter. Tin is also used in tin cans and as a coating for other metals. When tin is combined with other metals, it forms alloys that are used in many products. Tin is a very versatile metal with many different uses.
Lead is a heavy metal that is both soft and malleable. It is most commonly used in producing batteries, pigments, and bullets. Lead has several qualities that make it an ideal material for these applications. It is an excellent conductor of electricity and has a very low melting point. Lead is also very resistant to corrosion, making it ideal for batteries.
Chromium is a hard, lustrous, and brittle transition metal with steely-grey texture. It is also the main additive in stainless steel, which imparts anti-corrosive properties. Chromium is found as a pure element in the Earth's crust and is often mined as chromite ore.
Chromium has many properties that make it useful for many applications. It is hard and corrosion-resistant, making it ideal for metallurgical applications. Chromium is also used in manufacturing pigments and dyes, as well as in automotive trim, chrome plating, and decoration
Silicon is an abundant metal available on earth and has many important qualities. It's a hard, brittle metal with a silvery-white color. It's a good conductor of heat and electricity and is resistant to attack by most acids. Silicon is also a critical semiconductor material that can be used to create transistors and other electronic components.
There are many different applications for silicon. It's used in producing steel and other metals, as well as in manufacturing glass, ceramics, and concrete. Silicon is also used in electronics, as it can be used to create transistors and other electronic components.
Lithium is another significant silver-white metal for modern world. It soft, and part of the alkali metal group. It is the lightest metal in this group and least dense of all metals. Lithium has very low reactivity, which makes it a good choice for use in both air and water. It is used in various applications, including batteries, heat-resistant glass and ceramics, welding rod coatings, and as a component of some greases.
In conclusion,

A wide array of metals are available on the market, each with its unique set of qualities and properties. In conclusion, if you are looking for the most suitable metal for your CNC machining application, you can contact us a
Hey there, I am Sunny!
From Holy Precision, we're ISO9001 customized cnc machining manufacturer for more than 20 years and in wide range of different industry.Contact us with OEM services.
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